文章摘要
刘清越,宋昆,汪江华,李冬伟.天津城市建设管理模式的近代转型[J].建筑师,2018,(6):52-59.
天津城市建设管理模式的近代转型
The Modernization of Urban Construction Management in Tianjin
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 城市建设、管理机构、建筑规则、都市计划、近代转型
英文关键词: Urban Construction, Government Agencies, Regulation, Town Planning, Modernization
基金项目:
作者单位
刘清越  
宋昆  
汪江华  
李冬伟  
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中文摘要:
      1860年第二次鸦片战争后天津开埠。租界的建立不仅直接改变了天津的城区范围和空间结构,更重要的是引 入了近代西方城市的建设管理模式,开启了天津城市建设的近代转型。1900年“庚子之乱”后的都统衙门管理时期, 又将近代西方城市的建设管理模式移植到华界中,后经清末新政的继承和发扬,最终在民国时期,从管理机构、建 筑规则和都市计划三个方面,完成了天津城市建设管理模式的近代转型。
英文摘要:
      After the Second Opium War in 1860, Tianjin was forced open to imperialist powers. The establishment of the concessions not only directly changed the downtown area and spatial layout of Tianjin, but more importantly, it introduced the Western model of construction and administration, as well as initiated the transformation of Tianjin into a modern city. During the Provisional Government’s rule after the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, the Western construction and administration models were introduced to the Chinese district. Later on, the enforcement of the New Policies in the late Qing led to further developments. Finally, the modernization of Tianjin’s urban construction and administration was consummated during the Republican era in terms of administration institutions, construction rules, and urban planning.
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