文章摘要
汤桦.灯塔的故事[J].建筑师,2019,(4):18.
灯塔的故事
Story of the Lighthouse
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 德国标准、建筑标准、标准化、正常化、建筑信息模型、数字技术
英文关键词: German Standards, Building Norms, Standardisation, Normalisation, BIM, Digital Techniques
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作者单位
汤桦  
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中文摘要:
      本文以拉图尔的科学社会学分析方法梳理德国标准化建造的发生和发展历程,从标准的技术演进和社会推 广两个方面分析部件生产、构建模数、保温节能、数字化几个具体标准个例的历史,从德语“标准”一词的三个衍生 含义出发,反思技术进步背景下德国标准的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      This paper applies the STS method introduced by Bruno Latour on analysing the creation and spread of German standards. After examining the history of specific standards on replaceable machine components, construction modules, building energy consumption as well as building digitalisation from both technological and social institutional perspectives, the author reflects on the recent developments of standards under a three-fold evaluating framework deriving from the indications of the German word NORM.
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