文章摘要
陈晨 王柯.民国建筑师在南京的民族形式建筑创作轨迹(1927—1937 年)[J].建筑师,2019,(4):107-114.
民国建筑师在南京的民族形式建筑创作轨迹(1927—1937 年)
The Path of Architectural Creation about the National Form by the Architects of The Republic of China in Nanjing (1927-1937)
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 黄金十年、民国建筑师、南京、民族形式建筑、创作轨迹
英文关键词: The golden decade, The architects of The Republic of China, Nanjing, The architecture of the national form, Path of the creation
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作者单位
陈晨 王柯  
摘要点击次数: 31
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中文摘要:
      1927—1937年这一近代中国的“黄金十年” ,孕育了中国建筑师群体探索民族形式建筑的高潮期。此期留学归国或本土培养的建筑师,在政府认定资质的机构中从事建筑活动,标志若现代化、正规化、学理化的中国职业建筑师的出现。南京国民政府充满党派色彩与民族国家符号的文化、政治诉求,又促使在南京探索民族形式建筑的建筑师, 主创公署类、教科研与社会服务类、体育场与纪念类等可以美化政治、传达党国权威的建筑类型。他们除了开设自营 建筑设计机构以外,还积极投身建筑施工、行政管理和建筑教育领域。与此同时,政治中心南京的特殊性、变动的时 局与建筑师不断自我修正的创作观念,也造成其创作高峰期因人、因时而异。
英文摘要:
      In the "golden decade" of modern China from 1927 to 1937, the national government holded the polit­ical and cultural demands of the Chinese nation. The returned architects to be educated in the western academic bouza system, displayed their talents in the Nanjing national form of construction . The architects who engaged in the Nanjing national form of construction, would be able to design and build the types of buildings that beaut巾ed the political, such as official government, educational mechanism, religious and mausoleum, etc. In addition, they opened the proprietary agency of building design, actively engaged in construction, administration and architec­ture education. For the particularity of the political center, the changing times and the constant self-correcting concept of creation, leaded to the height of the creation differently for people and time
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