文章摘要
金珊 徐带领 郭馨.“景观优先”的百年坚守——韦尔斯利文理学院校园规划探究[J].建筑师,2019,(4):115-121.
“景观优先”的百年坚守——韦尔斯利文理学院校园规划探究
Perseverance of "Landscape Priority" : A Study on Campus Planning of Wellesley College
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 韦尔斯利、女子学院、校园规划、景观优先
英文关键词: Wellesley, Women's college, Campus planning, Landscape priority
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作者单位
金珊 徐带领 郭馨  
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中文摘要:
      位于美国马萨诸塞州的韦尔斯利文理学院(Wellesley College)以“培养影响世界的女性 ”而全球闻名,但作为北美校园设计的杰作之—,韦尔斯利文理学院在校园规划方面的参考价值却鲜有人挖掘。本文从校园规划的视角,对韦尔斯利文理学院从“为女性提供美的教育环境”到“可持续发展”的二次规划的百年发展历程中,针对“校园选址”“建筑布局”“活动空间营造”“交通组织”等方面对建设者及设计师在不同社会发展背景下如何贯彻“景观优先”的规划理念进行了解读。理念明确、体系化及规模化的校园规划建设在高等院校发展历史上屈指可数,对于韦尔斯利文理学院“景观优先”校园规划理念的研究不但能填补校园规划历史中这类案例的欠缺,同时能为现代大学依托于社会及时代发展需求的校园规划建设提供一定的借鉴与参考。
英文摘要:
      Wellesley College, located in Massachusetts, USA, is world-renowned for "nurturing women who influence the world". However, as one of the masterpieces of campus design in North America, the value of campus planning of Wellesley College in is rarely explored. This paper explains how designers implement the concept of "landscape priority" under different social development backgrounds from the aspects of "campus site selection", "architectural layout", "activity space design", "traffic organization" and so on. Campus planning and construction with clear concept are few in the development history of colleges and universities. The research on the concept of "landscape priority" of Wellesley College not only fills in the lack of such cases in the history of campus planning, but also provides the reference for the campus planning of modern universities relying on the development needs of the society
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