文章摘要
鞠培泉 黄一如.管窥文人园的兴起——草堂历史研究[J].建筑师,2019,(5):44-49.
管窥文人园的兴起——草堂历史研究
A Glimpse of the Rise of Literati Garden: the Research on the History of Caotang
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 草堂、隐居之所、文人园、同构
英文关键词: Caotang, Reclusive residence, Literati garden, Coexistence
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作者单位
鞠培泉 黄一如  
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中文摘要:
      草堂与文人园相伴而生,以其为切入点,更便于深刻理解文人园。本文在历史文献及诗文、绘画资料研究的基础上,选取佛寺、隐居之所、园林等不同时期的草堂节点,将草堂的历史分为萌芽、发展、成熟三个阶段。从诗文描述看,草堂总是与自然片段相伴,中唐以来,二者呈现为一种紧密的围合关系。与隐士文化的结合使草堂具有了象征意义,当隐士进城,草堂及其环境也被整体迁移,于是有了以堂为中心的文人园。草屋+堂室、非正式+正式、临时+恒久,与文人的身份地位及心理追求相适应,草堂具有的多功能性也与文人园相契合,草堂与文人园因此存在同构关系。
英文摘要:
      Caotang, which coexisted with the literati garden, can facilitate a deep understanding of the latter when used as an introduction. Based on studies of historical documents, poems, essays and paintings, Caotang at the different periods featured its beauty and charm from Buddhist temple, reclusive residence and garden, are selected for analysis. According to the interrelationship, the history of Caotang falls into three stages: embryonic stage, developing stage and mature stage. In poems, Caotang was always found alongside nature slices and developed an enclosing intimacy with these slices from the middle Tang Dynasty. The combination with solitary culture provided Caotang with emblematic significances. When solitaries moved into cities, they would also transplant Caotang alongside with its environment, and in this way, the literati garden, with Tang as its core, came into being. Cottage and hall, informality and solemnity, temporary and eternity, were all counterparts of literators’ psychological pursuit and social status. The multi-functionality which Caotang bore also corresponded to the spirit of literati gardens. So Caotang can be considered in coexistence with literati garden.
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