文章摘要
冷天.历史的当下:遗产保护实践下近代史研究反思[J].建筑师,2020,(1):134-140.
历史的当下:遗产保护实践下近代史研究反思
Toward a Historical Present: Reflections on the Study of ModernHistory through the Practice of Heritage Protection
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 遗产保护、近代史、本体勘查、数字重建、类型研究
英文关键词: Heritage protection, Modern history, Ontology exploration, Digital reconstruction, Typological study.
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作者单位
冷天  
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中文摘要:
      历史的书写,从来都逃避不了时代的主观性;而所谓历史的真实,亦无法摆脱客体的相对性,因而呈现出错综交杂的表象,难以一窥全貌。本文重拾中国营造学社开启的,以实物和史料相互印证的研究方法;基于多个真实的遗产保护案例,通过建筑本体勘查、历史影像的三维数字化还原、特殊节点构造的拆解分析、实物湮灭后的类型化推测等工作,试图破解特殊的建筑结构体系及做法,揭示建筑物背后隐藏的历史和文化。一切历史都是当代史,遗产保护实践中的探索与反思,不仅可以更好地叙述一段贴近真实的历史,同时,也构筑起一个深具历 史感的当下。
英文摘要:
      The writing of history can never escape the subjectivity of the times. The so-called historical truth cannot dispense the relativity of the object, so it presents an intricate appearance and is much difficult to get a glimpse of the whole picture. This paper regains the research methods initiated by the Society for the Study of Chinese Architecture, which are mutually validated by material objects and historical materials. Based on several real heritage protection cases, this paper studies the exploration of architectural ontology, the three-dimensional digital restoration of historical images, the disassembly and analysis of special node structures, and the typification speculation after physical annihilation. Furthermore, this paper attempts to unfold the special architectural structure system and practices, reveal the hidden history and culture behind. As Croce said, all history is contemporary history. Exploration and reflection in the practice of heritage protection cannot only reconstruct a close to the real history, but also construct a sense of history permeating the present.
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