文章摘要
[ 美 ]大岛正.世界的日本建筑[J].建筑师,2020,6(6):5-12.
世界的日本建筑
Architectures of Japan
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 初期认知、赋予影响和灵感的星座、建筑与乌托邦、当代轨迹
英文关键词: Early perceptions, Constellation of influences and Inspirations, Architecture and utopia, Contemporary trajectories
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[ 美 ]大岛正  
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中文摘要:
      本文探讨了“什么是日本建筑?”的问题。随着时间的推移,它是如何在国际背景中演变的?日本建筑是 否仅仅根据其建筑师和建造商的国籍身份、语言或种族来定义?日本建筑是否可以通过对日本地域的特殊性和日 本文化的独特感性来定义?换而言之,日本建筑是由其设计师和创作者,还是由它们所建造的土地来定义的?它 是一种可以超越国界的建筑风格吗?或者更简明地说,从古至今在日本本土建造的所有建筑物构成了日本建筑全 貌吗?日本建筑的形象,是否终究暧昧不明,只能是一种深藏在内里的暗默?     对于这些问题,确实给不出唯一的答案,但也许我们可以通过随着时间的推移而日益增多的表达和观点来一 窥究竟。这些表达和观点不仅来自日本本土,也包括来自海外的各种物理介质与精神感知。作为场所表达的世界 博览会以及各类展览、出版物、建筑作品等这些媒介和节点都清晰地勾勒出了日本建筑的思想、表现与变化不息。     本文通过有关日本建筑的国际博览会、出版物和展览中的“初期认知”,建筑师中的“赋予影响和灵感的星座”, 日本、意大利和其他国家之间的“建筑与乌托邦”概念以及“当代轨迹”等主题,对日本建筑进行了深入探讨。
英文摘要:
      This essay explores the questions of “what is Japanese architecture?” and “how has it evolved in an international context over time?” Is Japanese architecture defined simply by citizenship, language and race of its architects and builders? Can it be defined by a particular sensitivity towards the regional context of Japan? In other words, is Japanese architecture defined by its designers and creators or is it defined by the land in which it is built? Is it a style, which can be transported beyond its national boundaries? Or rather, does all that is built in Japan from ancient times to the present constitute Japanese architecture? Can an expression of the architecture of Japan be implicit rather than explicit? These questions indeed defy singular answers and perhaps can be understood through a more complex constellation of expressions evolving through time. Such a constellation expresses a configuration of both physical and perceptual expressions both inside and outside of Japan. The multiple nodes articulate the multi-directional flow of inspirations, translations and transformations embodied in Japan represented at international expositions, exhibitions, publications and realized buildings. These perceptions would further evolve through the travel and exchanges among architects and sites connecting Japan with the rest of the world. These themes are discussed in this essay through “early perceptions” in international expositions, publications and exhibitions of the architecture of Japan, “constellation of influences and inspirations” among architects, notions of “architecture and utopia” between Japan, Italy and beyond, and “contemporary trajectories.”
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