文章摘要
于云龙 张晓春.塑造“城市的纪念碑性”:圣保罗州立艺术博物馆保护更新设计中的空间转化[J].建筑师,2021,(4):87-95.
塑造“城市的纪念碑性”:圣保罗州立艺术博物馆保护更新设计中的空间转化
Moulding “The Monumentality of The City”: Spatial Transformation Analyses in the Conservation andRenovation of State Museum of São Paulo
  
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20210727001
中文关键词: 保罗·门德斯·达·洛查、巴西现代建筑、建筑遗产、真实性、空间分析、现代性
英文关键词: Paulo Mendes da Rocha, Brazilian Modern Architecture, Architecture Heritage, Authenticity, Spatial Analysis, Modernity
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作者单位
于云龙 张晓春  
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中文摘要:
      圣保罗州立艺术博物馆坐落于圣保罗老城区,是一座建于19 世纪末的新古典风格建筑,保罗·门德斯·达·洛 查1994—1998 年间对其进行保护更新设计。文章从遗产自身空间的历史变迁和与所处城市的空间结构变迁两方面 解析建筑师的“空间转化”设计策略,不仅解决遗产建筑空间与当代功能以及圣保罗城市空间结构的矛盾,从而实现 从“纪念碑的城市”到“城市的纪念碑性”的美学转化。此外,通过建筑师话语与学术思想的分析,文章力图探讨该历 史空间更新设计策略背后的理论基础,涉及遗产真实性与“建造道德”概念某种程度上的微妙一致,圣保罗学派史学 转向,建筑师对巴西殖民历史遗产的批判性态度以及对一种拉美现代性美学的探索。
英文摘要:
      The Pinacoteca de São Paulo, located in the downtown of São Paulo, is a neoclassical building built at the end of the 19th century. Paulo Mendes da Rocha performed the conservation and renewal design between 1994 and 1998. This paper focuses on the design strategy of “spatial transformation, ” analyzing the historical changes of the heritage space and the changes of the spatial structure of the city. This strategy fixed the contradiction between the heritage architectural space and the contemporary functions and the spatial structure of the city of São Paulo, aesthetically transforming the heritage from “the city made of monuments” to “the monumentality of the city.” Based on Paulo’s discourse and academic thought, this article seeks to explore the theoretical foundation for the renewal strategy, which involves a subtle alignment between heritage authenticity and the concept of ‘constructive morality .’ The theoretical foundation also refers to the historical turn of the São Paulo School, the architect’s critical approach to Brazil’s colonial heritage, and the exploration of a Latin American modernity.
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