文章摘要
衡寒宵.建筑作为“社会凝聚器”理念的发展及影响[J].建筑师,2021,(4):105-111.
建筑作为“社会凝聚器”理念的发展及影响
Architecture as a “Social Condenser”: Origination, Evolution and Influences of the Design Concept
  
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20201207001
中文关键词: “社会凝聚器”、建筑设计理念、构成主义、后现代主义、空间的生产
英文关键词: Social condenser”, Architectural design concept, Constructivism, Post-modernism, The production of space
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作者单位
衡寒宵  
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中文摘要:
      20 世纪初,俄国构成主义者提出了建筑作为“社会凝聚器”的观点,认为空间设计的目标应是反映和凝聚新的 社会关系。这一关键概念自此开始被建筑学、城市设计以及社会学等领域的研究者不断引用和拓展。回顾历史,可以 看到这一概念在1920 年代的苏联兴起不久后受挫,但1950—1960 年代又得到了法国哲学与社会-空间学界的反思, 1970—1980 年代后则为美国后现代都市思潮所继承和突破,对今天的建筑理论和实践仍然具备持续的影响。探讨 建筑作为“社会凝聚器”概念的变化,为理解建筑与社会、物质与行为、空间机能与城市设施间的关系提供了经验,也 显示出概念自身未来可能的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      At the beginning of the 20th century, the Soviet constructivists proposed the idea of architecture as a “social condenser”. Thereafter, the concept has been constantly cited and explored by designers and researchers in the field of architecture, urban design and social studies. This paper reviews the origination and evolution of the architectural concept. Its historical development is divided into four stages, namely the stage of origin in the 1920s, the reflection of the 1950-1960s, and the extension and distortion of the 1970-1980s. Finally, it could be seen that the idea still inspires spatial research and practice nowadays, and would continuously shed new lights on the development of architectural design in the future.
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