文章摘要
王晖 叶佳成.北宋住宅中的中堂、厅事和影堂:基于司马光《书仪》的考察[J].建筑师,2022,(1):68-74.
北宋住宅中的中堂、厅事和影堂:基于司马光《书仪》的考察
Zhongtang, Tingshi and Yingtang in the Residence of Northern Song Dynasty: A Study Based on Shuyi Written by Simaguang
  
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20210112002
中文关键词: 北宋住宅、书仪、中堂、厅事、影堂
英文关键词: Residence of Northern Song dynasty,Shuyi,Zhongtang,Tingshi,Yingtang
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作者单位
王晖 叶佳成  
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中文摘要:
      基于司马光《书仪》等历史文献,对北宋中大型住宅中主体建筑的布局、功能及内部空间格局进行了推断。住宅由前至后有大门、厅事、中门、中堂的空间序列,影堂多位于厅事以东。中堂是家庭内部的礼仪场所,厅事多用作男性的活动空间。影堂用以陈设祖先牌位和画像等,应是唐代家庙和南宋祠堂之间的过渡性产物。中堂和厅事内的堂、室、房大致承袭了古制“前堂后室”格局,也有很多简化的情况。与唐代相比,北宋住宅中厅事和影堂得到广泛使用,中门的内外区隔作用明显增强。推测唐宋社会转型过程中发生的“礼制下移”,是社会文化层面引起这些变化的主要原因。
英文摘要:
      Based on the liturgical book Shuyi and other historical documents,this article infers the layout,function and internal space of the ritual buildings in the large residence of Northern Song Dynasty. There is spatial sequence of gate-Tingshi–middle gate-Zhongtang from front to back,and Yingtang is normally located to the east of Tingshi. Zhongtang is the inner ritual space of the family,while Tingshi is outward and commonly serving for the males. Yingtang is used for setting ancestors’ tablets and portraits,and it should be a transitional matter between Jiamiao of the Tang Dynasty and Citang of the Southern Song Dynasty. The hall (so called Tang),rearward bedroom (Shi) and chambers (Fang) in Zhongtang and Tingshi basically inherit the classical spatial pattern main hall with adjacent rear bedroom,but there are also simplified cases excluding Shi and Fang. It is speculated that the moving down of rite during the social transformation between Tang and Song dynasty promoted the evolution of ritual space in the residence.
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