文章摘要
张鹏 贾兴舟.中国建筑技术现代转型的关键推手——《中华国际工程学会会刊》研究(1901—1941 年)[J].建筑师,2022,(1):99-109.
中国建筑技术现代转型的关键推手——《中华国际工程学会会刊》研究(1901—1941 年)
The Key-Promoter of Modern Transformation of Architectural Technology in China: Research on Official Organ of the Engineering Society of China(1901—1941)
  
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20210526001
中文关键词: 中华国际工程学会、专业技术期刊、中国近代建筑、结构技术、本土化
英文关键词: Engineering society of China,Professional technical periodicals,Chinese modern architecture,Structural technology,Localization
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作者单位
张鹏 贾兴舟  
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中文摘要:
      1901年中国境内最早的工程师组织——中华国际工程学会成立于上海,由在华的外国人创立,旨在促进中国的工程近代化和提升工程师的专业能力。学会出版发行了机关刊物《中华国际工程学会会刊》(1901—1939年),后短暂改版为《中华国际工程学会会报》(1940—1941年),讨论涵盖建筑技术在内的广泛工程议题,记录了学会推进中国城市与建筑走向技术层面现代化的过程。本文借鉴统计学方法,尝试以当代视角梳理学会会刊探讨的建筑技术内容与关切,探讨学会以会刊为载体推进学术研讨、引介新兴钢筋混凝土结构技术、探索地基基础技术的本土化应用、影响公共租界建筑控制活动的过程,以期挖掘其在中国建筑技术近代化过程中的影响与意义,扩展中国近代建筑技术史的历史维度。
英文摘要:
      The Engineering Society of China was established in Shanghai in 1901,which is the earliest local engineer organization in China founded by foreigners,aiming to promote engineering modernization and enhance professional capabilities of engineers. The society published the Proceedings of the E.S.C.(1901-1939) and Journals of the E.S.C.(1940-1941),which discussed a wide range of engineering issues including architectural technology and recorded the process of technological modernization of architecture and cities in China. Based on statistical methods,this paper attempts to sort out the contents and concerns of architectural technology discussed from a contemporary perspective,discusses the society’s use of publications as carrier to promote academic seminars, introduce emerging reinforced concrete structures, explore the localization of foundation technology, and influence the process of building control in the Shanghai International Settlement. which aims to excavate its influence and significance in the process of modernization of Chinese architectural technology and expand the historical dimension of Chinese modern architectural technology history
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