文章摘要
王江 范伟 赵伯伦 赵继龙.解析、转换、生成 ——形状语法的研究回溯与解读[J].建筑师,2022,(4):116-125.
解析、转换、生成 ——形状语法的研究回溯与解读
Analysis, Transformation, Generation: Review and Interpretation ofShape Grammar
  
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20211130002
中文关键词: 形状语法、生成设计、规则推理、设计分析、计算性设计
英文关键词: Shape Grammar, Generative design, Rule derivation, Design analysis, Computational design
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作者单位
王江 范伟 赵伯伦 赵继龙  
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中文摘要:
      形状语法于1972年被提出时主要是作为一种解析设计作品的工具,通过以几何形状为基本单位的规则研究, 探索既有设计语言的生成逻辑;2000 年后形状语法逐渐开始作为一种辅助设计过程的工具,通过应用形状转换规则, 扩展某种设计语言或构建一种新的设计语言。通过回溯形状语法的研究历程,重新解读其理论渊源,阐述形状的运 算原理与规则的层级逻辑,探究解析式形状语法和生成式形状语法的实施策略;梳理形状语法在艺术、工业、建筑等 领域中解决复杂设计问题的实现路径,并以赖特草原系列住宅分析和山东建筑大学乡村批量住宅研究为例,利用规 则推理解析设计空间的生成过程;最后,简述形状语法的局限性,对形状语法作为一种计算性设计方法朝向数字化、 智能化发展的趋势进行展望。
英文摘要:
      When Shape Grammar was proposed in 1972, it was mainly used as a tool to analyze design works. It was used to explore the generative logic of existing design languages through the study of rules with geometric shapes as the basic unit. After 2000, Shape Grammar gradually began to be used as a tool to assist the design process, by applying shape transformation rules to extend a certain design language or create a new design language. Firstly, the research history and theoretical origins of Shape Grammar are reviewed, the operational principles of shapes and the hierarchical logic of rules are expounded, and the application strategies of Analytical Shape Grammar and Original Shape Grammar are explored. Furthermore, methods of Shape Grammar to solve complex design problems in the fields of art, industry, architecture, etc. are sorted out, and taking the analysis of Frank Lloyd Wright' s Prairie Style Houses and the rural mass housing research of Shandong Jianzhu University as examples, using rule derivation to analyze the generation process of design space. Finally, the limitations of Shape Grammar are briefly described, and the development trend of Shape Grammar as a computational design method towards digitization and intelligence is prospected.
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