文章摘要
王全国.卡洛·斯卡帕:“关系”的创造—奥托伦吉住宅草图与设计过程解析[J].建筑师,2023,(6):79-91.
卡洛·斯卡帕:“关系”的创造—奥托伦吉住宅草图与设计过程解析
Carlo Scarpa: The Invention of Relationships — The Sketches and Design Process Analysis of Casa Ottolenghi
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 卡洛·斯卡帕、奥托伦吉住宅、草图、设计方法、设计过程、关系
英文关键词: Carlo Scarpa,Casa Ottolenghi,Sketches,Design methodology,Design process,Relationships
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王全国  
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中文摘要:
      奥托伦吉住宅是意大利建筑师卡洛·斯卡帕几个为数不多的住宅设计之一,也是其平生最后一个未完成的作品。不同于其他几个知名作品对层叠、片段等细部操作的情感倾注,构思过程的连续性和对平面要素的整体明确把控成为奥托伦吉别墅的主导特征,并呈现出不同于以往作品的粗犷倾向和对赖特形式主义的背离。解读该住宅的草图和建成作品,在斯卡帕这张个人经验所构成的系统思维网络中,对局部构件和元素的关注依然是表达整体设计意图的分支路径,不过,时至暮年的斯卡帕已力图达成一种整体关系的创造,记忆的延伸与经验的浓缩共同内化为具有威尼斯本土特色的融合建造体系。
英文摘要:
      The Casa Ottolenghi is one of the few residential designs by Italian architect Carlo Scarpa,and his last unfinished work. Different from the emotional devotion of other several famous works to detailed operations such as layers and overlays or fragments,the continuity of the conception process and overall clear control of plan elements have become the dominant features of Villa Ottolenghi,presenting brutalism tendency and deviation from Wright’s formalism that different previous works. Interpreting the house’s sketches and finished work,on the systematic mind network formed by Scarpa’s personal experience,close attention to partial elements is still the branch path that expresses overall design intent. However,in his twilight years,Scarpa tried to achieve the creation of an integrated relationship,the extension of memory and condensation of experience together is internalized into a fusion construction system with local characteristics of Venice.
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