文章摘要
王若然 [日]青木信夫 徐苏斌.中国近代海务建筑预制施工与光学技术的引进—以海关营造机构的建设为中心[J].建筑师,2023,(6):92-100.
中国近代海务建筑预制施工与光学技术的引进—以海关营造机构的建设为中心
The Introduction of Prefabricated Construction and Optical Technology in Modern Chinese Maritime Architecture: The Construction of the Works Department of Chinese Maritime Customs
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 海务建筑、预制施工、光学技术、灯塔、海关营造处
英文关键词: Maritime architecture,Prefabricated construction,Optical technology,Lighthouse,Works Department of Chinese Maritime Customs
基金项目:
作者单位
王若然 [日]青木信夫 徐苏斌  
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中文摘要:
      近代西方势力是从海上进入中国的,海上贸易催生了海务相关设施的建造,推进了海务建筑的近代化,承担海务相关建造的是海关。1868 至 1949 年间,近代中国海关营造机构组织建造了灯塔、港口附属建筑等百余处海务建筑,较早引进了同时代国际最前沿的预制施工与光学技术,对中国海务建筑这一特殊类型的工业建筑做出重要奠基。本文基于一手史料挖掘并考察近代海关营造机构的建设活动,厘清以灯塔为代表的海务建筑的建设活动在预制施工和光学技术方面的突破性创新,剖析海关营造机构对中国海务建筑近代化实践的重要推动 作用和积极意义。以期从建筑技术传播的视角,为近代条约港城市及其附近岛屿的遗产研究提供新的线索。
英文摘要:
      Modern Western powers entered China by sea,and maritime trade promoted the construction of maritime facilities and the modernization of maritime architecture,which the Maritime Customs undertook. Between 1868 and 1949,the Works Department of Chinese Maritime Customs constructed more than a hundred maritime architectures,including lighthouses and port annexes,introducing the most advanced international prefabricated construction and optical technologies,and laying an essential foundation for this particular type of industrial architecture in China. This paper examines the construction activities of the Works Department of Chinese Maritime Customs based on first-handed historical documentation,identifies the groundbreaking innovations in prefabricated construction and optical technology in the construction of the lighthouse as a representative example of maritime architecture,and analyses the critical role and positive significance of the Works Department of Chinese Maritime Customs in the modernization of this particular type of industrial architecture in China. It aims to research the heritage of modern treaty port cities and their nearby islands to provide new clues from the perspective of the diffusion of architecture technology.
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