文章摘要
林晓丹.黄河晋陕沿岸“上首厅房”宅形解读—基于拉普卜特《宅形与文化》理论视角的在地思考[J].建筑师,2023,(6):101-107.
黄河晋陕沿岸“上首厅房”宅形解读—基于拉普卜特《宅形与文化》理论视角的在地思考
Interpretation of the “Shangshou-Tingfang” House Form along the Shanxi and Shaanxi Coast of the Yellow River: Thinking Based on the Theoretical Perspective of House Form and Culture by Amos Rapoport
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 阿摩斯·拉普卜特、《宅形与文化》、上首厅房、晋陕、民居、风土建筑
英文关键词: Amos Rapoport,House Form and Culture, "Shangshou-Tingfang",Shanxi and Shaanxi,Residential buildings,Vernacular architecture
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作者单位
林晓丹  
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中文摘要:
      在过于注重经济社会发展目标导向的城乡快速发展的今天,重提阿摩斯·拉普卜特的《宅形与文化》理论视角具有现实意义。基于黄河晋陕沿岸的区域性田野调查,对比“前厅后楼”与“上首厅房”两种宅形的文化差异,解读“上首厅房”宅形所体现的“反气候”居住模式,以及在实用性之外体现出的对仪典空间象征性的重视,从祭祀仪式、家庭结构、女性地位三个方面,发掘黄河晋陕沿岸的社会文化与宅形之间的关联性。
英文摘要:
      In today’s rapid development of urban and rural areas that pay too much attention to the goal orientation of economic and social development,it is of practical significance to revisit the theoretical perspective of Rapoport’s House Form and Culture. Based on the regional field survey along the Shanxi and Shaanxi coast of the Yellow River,this paper compares the cultural differences between the"Qianting Houlou(hall in the front and multi-storey living quarters in the back)"and the"Shangshou-Tingfang(the hall at the back end)",interprets the“anti-climate”living mode embodied in the“Shangshou-Tingfang”house form,and the emphasis on the symbolization of the ceremonial space reflected in the practicality,and explores the correlation between the social culture and the house form along the Shanxi and Shaanxi coast of the Yellow River from three aspects of sacrificial rites,family structure,and women’s status.
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