文章摘要
易鑫.新世纪之交的德国城市设计——百年思想的演进与更替[J].建筑师,2019,(1):23-30.
新世纪之交的德国城市设计——百年思想的演进与更替
German Urban Design at the Turn of New Century: Evolution and Reflection on its Core Development Concept
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 德国城市设计、百年发展、柏林、可持续城市发展
英文关键词: German Urban Design, Development in one Century, Berlin, Sustainable Urban Development
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易鑫  
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中文摘要:
      德国城市设计学科的发展对世界产生了广泛而深远的影响,本文对德国当代城市设计面临的挑战与对策进行 了系统梳理。文章首先对现代城市设计早期德国的城市设计内涵的基本认识进行了总结,在此基础上回顾了现代主 义兴起、东西德分裂条件下德国各个时期城市设计发展的基本特征。在此基础上,分三个方面对德国当代城市设计 进行了梳理:1)重塑美学和历史在城市设计中的合法地位,帮助确立当代全新的城市设计范式;2)社会导向的福利 国家模式应对全球化影响的多种城市设计举措;3)落实一系列可持续城市发展的策略。文章最后概括了德国城市 设计发展经验对于我国的借鉴意义。
英文摘要:
      German urban design has extensive and far-reaching infl uences in the whole world. This article tries to summarize the challenges and strategies in contemporary German urban design into a study framework. At fi rst, the original understanding of urban design in Germany was analyzed and the main features of different following phases, such as the rise of modernism, the coexistence of Estern and Western Germany during the Cold War, were also reviewed. Three aspects of contemporary German urban design were discussed: 1) the legitimate status of historical and aesthetic dimensions were reestablished and this helped to the foundation of new urban design paradigm; 2) social welfare state oriented pattern has to adapt itself against the globalization’s infl uence; 3) a series of strategies have been carried out for sustainable development. Finally, the referential meanings for China’s urban development have been concluded.
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