文章摘要
林俐.形成中的力量——亚琛工业大学建筑系“设计初步”课教学笔记[J].建筑师,2019,(1):51-60.
形成中的力量——亚琛工业大学建筑系“设计初步”课教学笔记
The Transforming Strength: Notes on the First-year Bachelor Design Course “Introduction of Design” at RWTH Aachen
  
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中文关键词: 德国、亚琛工业大学、建筑学教育、设计课、教学方式
英文关键词: Germany, RWTH Aachen, Architecture Education, Design Course, Teaching Method
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林俐  
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中文摘要:
      本文的第一和第二部分详细介绍了亚琛工业大学(Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, 简称RWTH Aachen)建筑系“建筑类型和设计基础”(Lehrstuhl für Gebäudelehre und Grundlagen des Entwerfens) 教席的本科一年级“设计初步”(Einführen ins Entwerfen)课程,旨在探讨一年级建筑教育的一种可能性。文章以展 示教学过程和学生作业的形式将课程内容、教学方法和教学成果串联起来。该课系统地将课程主体划分为4个主题—— 尺度、空间、场所和功能。各部分包含的练习循序渐进地引导学生通过身体性的感知和充满试验性的动手实践来认识 空间,激发他们的创造力。文章的第三部分以访谈的形式记录了笔者与教席资深教师就课程设置的初衷和授课经验展 开的讨论。本文的最后探讨了该课程教学带给我们的思考与启发。
英文摘要:
      The first and part of this article is an introduction of the first-year Bachelor design course “Introduction of Design” of the Studio “Building Typologies and Basics of Design” at RWTH Aachen. It aims at exploring a possible way of first-year education on architecture. In the way of revealing teaching procedures and students’ works, the course program, teaching methods and its achievements are presented in the article. The structure of this course consists of four parts—scale, space, place and function. Through bodily perceptions and experimental handwork in the exercises of each part, students are guided to understand space and create their own works. The third part is an interview with a senior teaching assistant of the studio. It is about the ideas behind the design of this course and reflections on teaching. Understandings and inspirations gained from this course lead to a new perspective of education on architecture.
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