文章摘要
闾阎营造:英格兰风土建筑学术确立进程考订
The Research of English Vernacular Architecture History since 16th Century to Mid-20th Century
投稿时间:2019-04-19  修订日期:2019-06-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 英格兰、风土建筑、居住形态、木骨造、学术发展、历史研究
英文关键词: England, Vernacular Architecture, Housing Morphology,Timber Framing, Academic Development, Historical Research
基金项目:国家建设高水平大学公派研究生项目(201406060098)
作者单位E-mail
吕忠正 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院大连理工大学历史建筑与街区再利用研究中心 359193463@qq.com 
唐建 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院  
Andrew Law 英国纽卡斯尔大学建筑、规划与景观学院  
胡文荟 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院  
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中文摘要:
      英格兰风土建筑作为乡村景观的物质载体、居住迁徙的历史见证,亦是不列颠文化传统认同和民族国家的建筑语言。英国学界一直是世界风土建筑的学术中心,研究对象的多元内涵和数世纪的历史跨度,方法论及问题域在战后主要拓展到社会学、地理学、人类学及生态学方向。通过对16世纪以来大量文献整理与田野调查,归纳出英格兰风土建筑研究历经学术萌芽-样本考据-学科确立-学术成型-多维视野5个时段,并相应影响了同期居住建筑形态。研究表明,英国风土建筑学术遵循从狭义实体建筑形态到广义观念居住形态的过程,二战前的学术成果奠定了后续多维视野的研究基础。文中以学术问题域为切入点,并融合时间节点的史论分析方法,重新定义英国风土建筑的内涵,分析20世纪中叶前各阶段的时代主题、历史意义、逻辑主线与学术影响,建立风土建筑学术发展线与历史关联框架,并就中华风土建筑学术方向和研究方法进行讨论。
英文摘要:
      As an important material carrier of rural landscape, English vernacular architecture has experienced five periods of germination, sample textual research, discipline establishment, academic formation and multi-dimensional vision since the 16th century, which has affected the residential architecture morphology in the same period accordingly. The research shows that the study of vernacular architecture follows the process from the narrow sense of physical architecture morphology to the broad sense of conceptual housing morphology, and the academic accumulation stage before World War II laid the foundation for the diversification of follow-up research. From the perspective of research methodology and academic problem domain, this paper re-summarizes the connotation of English vernacular architecture and sorts out the theme of the times, the main thread of logic and the academic influence of each stage before the middle of the 20th century. The academic direction and research methods of Chinese vernacular architecture are also discussed in this paper.
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