文章摘要
华头子斜置现象探析及其与《营造法式》昂桯挑斡关系评述
On the Phenomenon of tilted Huatouzi element and its relevance with the Angtingtiaowo structure mentioned in the literature of YingZaoFaShi
投稿时间:2019-06-17  修订日期:2019-08-30
DOI:
中文关键词: 昂桯,挑斡,斜置华头子,斜向构件,建构逻辑
英文关键词: Angting component  Tiaowo structural mathod  tilted huatouzi  inclined element  tectonic logic
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
喻梦哲 西安建筑科技大学 yumengzhe2000@163.com 
惠盛健 西安建筑科技大学  
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中文摘要:
      本文以实例中华头子构件不同于《营造法式》文本记载的构造表现为线索,对宋元以后铺作中出现的大量斜向构件的种属做了新的梳理和分类,特别是对“昂桯”概念进行了辨析解读,并尝试据其差异剥解《营造法式》的多重技术源头。进而,藉由华头子斜置这一构造现象,探讨大量斜向铺作构件的组合规律与拼装原则,以此追溯明清溜金枓栱的原型,并对其多个衍化亚型的发展脉络作出了简要陈述,以期揭示木构技术在宋元之后多元并存、相互融合的历史状貌。
英文摘要:
      Taking the Huatouzi’s different construction method between practical cases and the literature of YingZaoFaShi as clue, this article classifies the various inclined elements arranged in TouKong system after Song dynasty, especially recognizes the multiple technique origins by distinguishing the concept of Angting component. Thereby discusses the inclined elements’ combination law and assembly principle in TouKong system through the tectonic phenomenon of tilted Huatouzi, and then helps to retrace the prototype of Liujin toukong which were rife during Ming and Qing dynasties, as well as to make a brief statement to draw a sketch of its subtypes’ development venation. As a result, this article may contribute to reveal a history prospect of a pluralist co-existing and mutually integrated technical tradition of wooden construction.
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