文章摘要
基于《营造法式》“缠柱造”做法复原的“楼-阁”概念辨疑
On the Concepts Discrimination of Traditional Chinese Multiple Floors Lou and Ge——Based on Chanzhuzao Reconsidered
投稿时间:2020-01-30  修订日期:2020-04-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 叉柱造,缠柱造,结构类型,建筑类型,技术衍化
英文关键词: Chazhuzao, Chanzhuzao, the  structure type, the  building type, technologgical  evolution
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作者单位E-mail
喻梦哲 西安建筑科技大学 yumengzhe2000@163.com 
惠盛健 西安建筑科技大学  
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中文摘要:
      针对中国古代多层建筑的研究均无法回避层间交接构造的问题。目前,建筑史学界围绕《营造法式》记载的“缠柱造”做法已有多个复原方案,但关于其中构件的所指与安置方式仍存有大量疑点。本文在重新审定此类“名件”的基础上,将“叉柱造”与“缠柱造”这对局部构造概念的比对上升到整体结构的层面,论述了作为结构类型的两种“柱造”与作为建筑类型的“楼阁”间的一一映照关系,并从间接图像资料与实际案例出发,论证了平坐在上述两组概念分化过程中扮演的角色。最后将“叉柱造则为阁”、“缠柱造则为楼”的结论放入更广阔的技术史背景中,探讨其在《营造法式》颁行前后的实际营造中的演进情况。
英文摘要:
      The method of connecting the multiple floors refers to different structural system in traditional Chinese wooden architectures. In view of the reasonable suspicion on the existing restoration schemes of Chanzhuzao mentioned in YingZaoFaShi, this paper put forward a new standpoint that Chanzhuzao and Chazhuzao correspond to Lou and Ge, respectively. Thus it establishes links between the concept of both structural and visual types of multi-story buildings in ancient times.
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