文章摘要
睡眠病房声环境特征及设计策略研究
Acoustic Environment Quality and Design Strategy of Sleep Wards
投稿时间:2020-05-06  修订日期:2020-05-06
DOI:
中文关键词: 睡眠病房,声环境,使用后评估,计算机模拟,设计策略
英文关键词: Sleep ward, Acoustic environment, POE, Computer simulation, Design strategy
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
谢辉 重庆大学 xh@cqu.edu.cn 
朱凡一 重庆大学建筑城规学院  
刘畅 重庆大学建筑城规学院  
李亨 重庆大学建筑城规学院  
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中文摘要:
      睡眠病房又称睡眠障碍住院部,是针对睡眠障碍治疗的专业化医疗空间。声环境作为影响睡眠质量的重要因素,与患者康复密切相关。通过声环境测试、问卷调查、仿真模拟等手段,对国内两所大型医院中的睡眠病房进行了使用后评估,得到了睡眠病房声环境的整体特征与空间设计依据。研究表明,睡眠病房的24 小时等效声压级虽低于普通病房10 分贝以上,但声环境仍是医患满意度评价中最低的环境要素,其中夜间噪声是影响声环境满意度的重要原因。通过对比分析,得出U型平面与单外廊式空间对睡眠病房声环境的优化效益,并根据睡眠病房的特点,提出了交往空间与套间病房的布置策略,为睡眠病房提供了设计依据。
英文摘要:
      Sleep ward, also known as the Sleep Inpatient Hospital, is the specialized medical space for the treatment of sleep disorders. Acoustic environment, as an important factor affecting sleep quality, is closely related to patient rehabilitation. After using the acoustic measurement, questionnaire survey, and computer simulation, sleep wards in two large hospitals in China were evaluated after use, and the overall characteristics and spatial design basis of the acoustic environment of the sleep ward were obtained. It’s shown that although the 24-hour equivalent sound pressure level in the sleeping wards is 10 decibels lower than in the general wards, the acoustic environment of sleep wards is still the least satisfied environmental factor by both staff and patients, and night-time noise is an important factor affecting acoustic environmental satisfaction. Through comparative analysis, the benefits of the U-shaped layout and the single exterior-corridor on the acoustic environment of the sleeping ward were concluded. According to the characteristics of the sleeping ward, the settlement strategies of the communication space and the suite ward were proposed as design references for the sleeping ward.
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