文章摘要
贫穷建筑、低技创新——冈萨雷斯?罗伯在墨西哥的拱壳体系探索与实践
Poor Architecture, Low-technology Innovation: Carlos González Lobo’s Exploration and Practice for Vault Systems in Mexico
投稿时间:2020-07-21  修订日期:2020-12-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 墨西哥,贫穷建筑学,拱壳技术,配筋钢丝网水泥,预制砖拱,社区参与
英文关键词: Mexico, Poor Architecture, Vault System, reinforced ferrocement, prefabricated brick vault, social participation
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
夏珩 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院 xiaheng@szu.edu.cn 
齐奕 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院 qiyi@szu.edu.cn 
饶小军 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院  
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中文摘要:
      揭示在经济欠发达背景下,墨西哥建筑师罗伯关注社会营造及低技创新,在建筑系统层面整合结构、材料、构造、空间等议题,系统性降低建造技术门槛、实现极低造价建设。溯源其拱壳系统传承谱系,对比分析三套拱壳系统的设计、材料与建造,并通过案例全面展示其迭代性设计研究的系统性工作方法。罗伯的拱壳系统创新为墨西哥及拉美地区大量贫民提供优良技术解决方案,也对中国当下的参与式设计、乡建、社区营造具有借鉴意义。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of underdeveloped economy, Mexican architect Carlos González Lobo pays attention to social construction and low-tech innovation, integrates structure, material, structure, space and other issues at the building system level, systematically lowers the threshold of construction technology and achieves extremely low cost construction. Based on the review of Spanish literature, it reviews his life and the pedigree of vault system, comparative analysis of the design, construction and construction of his three vault systems, and comprehensively shows its systematic iterative design-based research methods through the cases. Lobo's vault system innovation provides excellent technical solutions for a large number of "poor architecture" in Mexico and Latin America. This study lays the foundation for the follow-up research on the comparison of vault technology between China and the West under economic constraints, and also has reference significance for China's current participatory design, rural and community construction.
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