文章摘要
早期现代建筑的“总体艺术”实践:以两个剧院设计为例
“Total Work of Art” in the development of Modern Architecture from late 19th to early 20th Century: Case Studies of Two Theatre Designs
投稿时间:2020-09-01  修订日期:2020-10-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 总体艺术,现代建筑,剧院设计,理查德·瓦格纳,瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯
英文关键词: Total Work of Art, Modern Architecture, Theatre Design, Richard Wagner, Walter Gropius
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
衡寒宵 成都理工大学 henghanxiao@cdut.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      【】19世纪以来,随着现代化和工业化程度的加深,科学、艺术和劳动的分划也日益显著。在这一现实背景下,出现了对“总体艺术”的呼吁,提倡以此促成建筑、戏剧、音乐等多种艺术表现形式的联合,以及艺术与社会的联合。音乐家瓦格纳主导建设的拜罗伊特剧院,是对其“总体艺术”概念的空间实践,并对后来的建筑理论与设计造成了深远影响,包括由20世纪初先锋派建筑师、包豪斯领军人物格罗皮乌斯提出的“全面剧场”方案。分析两个剧院设计,可以看到世纪更迭之际,对“总体艺术”的空间实践一直试图以“建筑”复苏社会和艺术的公共性;而对“机器”在此过程中可能扮演何种角色则存在的不同态度,折射出“总体艺术”作为一个现代理想的复杂与矛盾性。
英文摘要:
      【】At the end of the 19th century, the development of industrialization and modernization has increased the division in labour and subjects of science and arts. In response to this trend, emerged calls for the “total work of art”, which proposed to unite architecture, drama, music and other forms of artistic expression, as well as art and society. The musician Richard Wagner implemented the concept in Bayreuth Festspielhaus and produced profound impacts on architectural theories and design afterward, including the design of “Total Theatre” by Walter Gropius, the master of early 20th century’s avant-garde architecture and Bauhaus. Learning from the two cases, it can be found that at the turn of the century, the spatial practices of the “total work of art” continued to emphasize the sense of public sphere artistically and socially. Meanwhile, difference attitudes toward the possible roles played by machine indicates the complexity and contradiction of the modern concept.
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