文章摘要
从皇家禁地到庆典舞台:北京西郊万寿寺的微观格局变迁
From A Imperial Forbidden Temple to the Ceremony Stage: The Micro-development of Wanshou Temple in the Western Suburbs of Beijing
投稿时间:2020-09-02  修订日期:2020-12-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 万寿寺、长河、北京西郊、女性统治者、营寺动机
英文关键词: Wanshou Temple, Royalriver, Western suburbs of Beijing, Femalerulers, Factor of establishment
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
杨菁 天津大学 yangjing827@aliyun.com 
叶翔 天津大学  
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中文摘要:
      本文是对万寿寺建筑群这一微小空间领域由明末至清末三百余年变迁的研究。明代万历生母李太后崇佛及其个人情感归属、替僧制度、西郊的人文地理是万寿寺初创的背景。尔后三百余年,万寿寺历经多次营建变革,畅春园的始建、崇庆皇太后六旬七旬庆典、慈禧六旬庆典无不例外的影响到了组群的建设。文章将史料与实际建制进行联系,分析万寿寺各时期的主要营建特色,并指出其成型除了是时代语境给予的必然以外,也是一座因古代水陆交通位置优越而成、随年代愈富女性统治者色彩的北京皇家寺院案例。以期见微知著,反映北京西郊这段时期历史、地理、建筑等方面的变迁。
英文摘要:
      This paper is a study of the changes of Wanshou temple from the end of Ming Dynasty to the end of Qing Dynasty.In the Ming Dynasty,EmperorWanli's motherEmpress Dowager Li, personal affection, the system of replacing monks, and the human geography of the western suburbs were the background of the establishment of Wanshou Temple. During the 300 years after the establishment, Wanshou Temple experienced many changes. The establishment of Changchun Garden, the celebration of Empress Dowager Chongqing’s sixties and seventies, and the celebration of Cixi’s sixtieth birthday all affected the building of the group. This paper links historical materials with the actual construction system. It points out that the formation of Wanshou Temple is not only the product of the times, but also an example of Beijing’s royal temple formed due to its superior location of land and water transportation, whose style became increasingly more influenced by the Chinese female rulers.The small details indicate the historical, geographical, and architectural development of Beijing's Western suburb areas.
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