文章摘要
“广东壳”:节约“三材”与薄壳技术的历史乌托邦
The Guangdong Shell: Saving the “three materials” and the Utopia of Vault Technology
投稿时间:2020-09-04  修订日期:2020-12-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 华南工学院,薄壳结构,结构工程师,蔡益铣,理论创新,节约“三材”
英文关键词: South China Institute of Technology, shell structure, Civil Engineer, Cai yixian, theory innovation, save the "Three Materials"
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
夏珩 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院 xiaheng@szu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 21
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中文摘要:
      揭示1960年前后,华南工学院土木系薄壳结构研究组的工程师群体对砖、竹、混凝土薄壳结构在广东省的地方创新实践研究图景。以文献梳理、田野调查、口述采访为基础,采用Citespace网络分析、比较研究,新见华南工学院土木系薄壳结构研究组的图档史料与实例遗存,描绘这一结构工程师群体的创新实践背景和创新“广东壳”的研究工作,并指出其在壳体理论和形态研究上的学术贡献。这弥补国内学界对结构工程师史学研究的薄弱点,是我国早期节约“三材”约束下建造技术谱系的重要内容,亦是建构研究的重要方面。
英文摘要:
      It reveals the innovative research landscape of the thin-shell structure of brick, bamboo and concrete in Guangdong Province by the engineer group of the thin-shell structure research group of the Civil Engineering Department of South China Institute of Technology around 1960. Using Citespace literature statistical combing, field surveys and other methods, using literature detail correlation, comparative research, excavated many new historical materials and examples of the shell structure research group of the Civil Engineering Department of South China Institute of Technology, and outlined the historical background of this group of structural engineers. Jigsaw the innovative research work of this group at that time, and pointed out its academic contribution in shell theory and shell shape. This answers the many doubts in the research of Hsia Chen-Si's thermal insulation vaults, and helps to make up for the weak points of the domestic academic circles in the history of structural engineers. It is an important content of the construction technology pedigree under the constraints of the "three materials" in the early days of New China, and provides a vivid case of research-oriented design experiment.
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