文章摘要
《考工记》“夏后氏世室”中“堂”字释疑——兼论三代“堂”字释义
The Clarification on the “Tang” in “Xiahoushi shishi” as Described by Kaogongji and Definitions of the word “Tang”in Xia, Shang, Zhou dynasty
投稿时间:2020-09-18  修订日期:2020-10-23
DOI:
中文关键词: 考工记、夏后氏世室、堂、释疑、释义
英文关键词: Kaogongji, Xiahoushi shishi, Tang, Clarification, Definition
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
孟玉 西安建筑科技大学建筑学院 mengyu0609@126.com 
林源 西安建筑科技大学建筑学院  
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中文摘要:
      对《考工记》所载“夏后氏世室”这段文字,学术界尚未有令人信服的观点,分歧的关键在于“堂修二七,广四修一”中“堂”字的理解上。有关此“堂”,从古至今亦有许多不同的解释。本文依据历史文献与考古资料对“堂”字再做辨析,认为“堂”在此记文中应理解为世室的建筑台基,并在此基础上进一步分析提出了“堂”在夏商周时期的不同释义与基本的平面形制。
英文摘要:
      There is no convincing opinion regarding the text “Xiahou shishi”in Kaogongji in aca-demic circles yet. The key to the divergence lies in the explanation of the word “Tang” in “Tang xiu er qi, guang si xiu yi”. There have been many different definitions of this “Tang” ever since ancient times. Based on relevant historical documents and archaeo-logical materials, this paper tries to discriminate the word "Tang" again, and believes that “Tang” should be understood as the building base called “shishi” in this text. On this basis, it further analyzes and proposes different definitions of “Tang” in Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasty and basic plane structure that “Tang” was used at that time.
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