文章摘要
房子尚不是汽车
A House Is Not a Car Yet
投稿时间:2020-11-27  修订日期:2020-11-28
DOI:
中文关键词: 装配式建筑、建筑工业化、预制
英文关键词: prefabricated building  building industrialization  prefab
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
齐奕 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院 qiyi@szu.edu.cn 
夏珩 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院 Xiaheng@szu.edu.cn 
周宇航 深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院  
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中文摘要:
      自20世纪初以来,汽车工业在大规模预制房屋建设的思潮中起到重要作用。在澳大利亚,长期的住房负担危机与汽车制造业的外迁离境相伴出现,使房屋与汽车又一次被放在一起比较,当然这种比较并不总是出于正确的原因。本文的主要论点是相对于其他工业,对住房特殊性更好的理解可以使建筑工业化摆脱多年只有“好概念”,最终却导致令人失望结果的窘境。这或许可以解放工业,使其真正意义上为当代建筑所存在的问题提供创新性和颠覆性的解决方案。更进一步讲,深入理解住房和汽车作为工业产品之间的差异,可厘清工业化建筑生产的现状,帮助大量房屋描绘更具生产效率的未来图景。
英文摘要:
      The automotive industry has played a crucial role in the thinking around mass prefabricated housing since the early twentieth century. In Australia, a chronic housing affordability crisis, combined with the pending departure of automotive manufacturing, means that the house/ car couplet is again under comparison—and not always for the right reasons. The key argument of this article is that a better understanding of the specificities of housing relative to other industries has the potential to release industrialized housing from the trope of a perennial “good idea” that ultimately leads to disappointing results. This might free the industry, allowing it to provide truly innovative and disruptive solutions to the problems surrounding contemporary housing. Further, a richer understanding of the differences between the house and car as industrial products will clarify thinking around the current status of industrialized building production and help chart a more productive future course for housing more generally.
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