文章摘要
梁思成以“体形环境”理念为核心的现代建筑教育思想形成与实践探析
The Formation and Practice of Liang Sicheng's "Physical Environment" Modern Architectural Education Thought
投稿时间:2021-07-06  修订日期:2021-07-24
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20210706002
中文关键词: 梁思成  体形环境  建筑教育  现代建筑  清华大学营建学系
英文关键词: Liang Sicheng  Physical Environment  architectural education  modern architecture  Department of Architecture of Tsinghua University
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
崔婉怡 清华大学建筑学院 100084
许懋彦 清华大学建筑学院 
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中文摘要:
      梁思成于1949年提出的以“体形环境”理念为核心的建筑教育思想是中国现代建筑教育思想的重要组成部分。本文尝试溯源“体系环境”建筑教育理念的形成过程,探讨其与二战后西方现代主义建筑思潮及与美国建筑教育的深层联系。文章聚焦梁思成1946-47年访美期间考察建筑教育与参加普林斯顿大学“论规划人类物质环境会议”的经历,着重关注梁思成工作笔记与会议文集,分析他对西方现代建筑教育思想中现代性与人文性内涵的理解与吸收;同时,挖掘梁思成以“体形环境”理念为核心构建的清华大学营建学系的建筑教育实践内容及其现代建筑教育特征。
英文摘要:
      Liang Sicheng's architectural education philosophy with the "Physical Environment" (体形环境) concept as its core, formulated in the late 1940s, is an important part of modern architectural education thoughts in China. This paper attempts to trace the formation process of Liang's "Physical Environment" concept and explore its relationship with western modernism and American architectural education after World War II. The paper focuses on Liang Sicheng's experience of inspecting American architectural education and attending Princeton University's "Conference on Planning Man’s Physical Environment" during his visit to the United States from 1946 to 1947. Through the conference papers and Liang Sicheng's work notes, this paper analyzes his unique understanding of modernity and humanity in western modern architectural education thoughts at that time. Meanwhile, the content and modern features of the architectural education in the Department of Architecture of Tsinghua University, founded by Liang Sicheng under the guidance of the "Physical Environment" thought, are further explored.
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