文章摘要
近代上海钢筋混凝土技术发展与儒匠关系变 革初探
Research on the Development of Reinforced Concrete Technology and the Transformation of the Relationship Between Confucianism and Craftsmanship in Modern Shanghai
投稿时间:2022-08-05  修订日期:2022-08-05
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20220805007
中文关键词: 钢筋混凝土(钢混)、建筑生产体系、儒匠关系、建筑师、土木工程师、近代上海
英文关键词: Reinforced concrete, Construction production system, Confucian-craftsman relationship, Architect, Civil engineer, Modern Shanghai
基金项目:
作者单位
郑红彬 汕头大学长江艺术与设计 学院副教授。 
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中文摘要:
      钢筋混凝土建造技术的发明带来了建筑业的革命。在新的建筑生产体系中,建筑师在一定程度上丧失了对建筑 生产的技术把控。建筑师中的大多数,不得不依赖于熟谙钢筋混凝土技术的土木工程师(咨询工程师)来完成钢筋混 凝土建筑物的结构设计以及建造施工指导。与此同时,掌握材料和技术之核心要素——钢筋生产及加固技术——的 利益集团及其贸易代表也通过与土木工程师联合,开始以参与设计和建造的方式介入建筑生产中,而不再仅仅扮演单 纯的建筑材料供应商的角色。本研究以钢筋混凝土这一源自欧美的现代建造技术及其知识体系在近代上海的扩张过 程为切入点,尝试分析制度层面随之而来的儒匠关系变革,涉及建筑师、土木工程师、建筑行政管理者、营造厂、建筑 材料供应商等方面,试图初步揭示其关系变革背后的观念冲突与影响,及其各方在儒匠沟通方面所作努力。
英文摘要:
      The invention of reinforced concrete (RC) construction technology brought a revolution in the construc- tion industry. In the new construction production system, architects have lost technical control of construction production to a certain extent. Most of the architects have to rely on civil engineers (consulting engineers) who are familiar with RC technology to complete the structural design and construction guidance of RC buildings. At the same time, interest groups and their trade representatives who master the core elements of materials and technology—steel bar production and steel reinforcing technology—have also joined with civil engineers to begin to intervene in construction production by participating in design and construction, instead of playing the role of a pure building material supplier. By using RC, a modern construction technology originating from Europe and the United States and the expansion of its knowledge system in modern Shanghai, as an entry point, this research attempts to analyze the subsequent changes in the “Confucian-Craftsman” relationship at the institutional level, involving architects, civil engineers, construction administrators, construction plants, building material suppliers, etc. It attempts to preliminarily reveal the conceptual conflict and influence behind the change of its relationship, and the efforts made by all parties in the communication between Confucianism and craftsmanship.
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