文章摘要
从规律认知到类型建构
From Perceiving Rule to Constructing Type:
投稿时间:2023-11-30  修订日期:2023-11-30
DOI:
中文关键词: 城市设计  入门训练  空间规律  建筑类型
英文关键词: Urban  Design, Elementary  Training, Spatial  Rule, Building  Type
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
蔡永洁 同济大学建筑与城市规划 学院 200092
沙永杰* 同济大学建筑与城市规划 学院 200092
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中文摘要:
      城市空间具有明确的建构规律,它通过建设单元地块划分与类型建筑的组织,展现出“建筑-街坊-街区”的空间逻辑。为帮助首次接受城市设计训练的高年级学生快速认知这一逻辑,通过国际现代城市的成熟案例的分析完成空间建构规律总结,将其作为操作工具完成一个当代城市街区的城市设计。具体操作分两步走,首先通过建筑的组合建构城市街坊,然后通过街坊的组合构成城市街区。不同寻常的是要求学生在上海城市语境下完成一个抽象基地的设计工作,从而避开复杂现实条件的干扰,专注空间规律,以此揭示这种简单逻辑的深刻性及其跨越文化的属性,从而验证其对城市设计的普适意义。
英文摘要:
      Urban space has clear universal construction rule. Based on division of plots and organization of building types it shows a logic of “Building-Block-District”. In order to help the senior students who gets urban design training for the first time to cognize this logic quickly, by means of analysis of mature urban cases the constructing rule of space is summarized. As operational tool this principle is applied in the urban design prosses of a contemporary urban district. The operation is divided in two steps. The first is to construct an urban block via combination of buildings, then an urban district via combination of urban blocks. Very unusual the students are required to complete the design work in an abstract environment under Shanghai context, to keep off interferences of the real conditions and to focus the rule of spatial construction. Hereby the profundity and across cultural attribute in this simple logic has been revealed, and its universal significance verified.
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