文章摘要
王江?田芸?张胜?赵伯伦.从“赋形”到“造像”——何塞·平托·杜阿尔特的研究成果回顾和设计哲学凝练[J].建筑师,2024,(2):62-70.
从“赋形”到“造像”——何塞·平托·杜阿尔特的研究成果回顾和设计哲学凝练
From Shaping to Modelling: The Review of Jose Pinto Duarte’ s Research Achievement and Design Philosophy
  
DOI:10.12285/jzs.20221207003
中文关键词: 计算性设计、何塞·平托·杜阿尔特、形状语法、大规模定制、生成、设计哲学
英文关键词: Computational design, Jose Pinto Duarte, Shape grammar, Mass Customization, Generation, Design philosophy
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王江?田芸?张胜?赵伯伦  
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中文摘要:
      计算性设计思维、方法和技术作为当下解决复杂工程设计问题的密钥,对建筑学学科的发展产生着深层影响,其中,最为直接的表现是该领域研究者的不断涌现以及他们在教育、科研到实践过程中累积而成的大量成果。葡萄牙籍学者何塞·平托·杜阿尔特作为该领域的杰出代表,以形状语法作为主要工具,构建了面向大规模定制的建筑计算生成方法论,结合以形状规则为支撑的生成平台研发、算法思维主导的教育理念凝练以及数字技术驱动的多元化探索,凝练出系统性、自新性、开放性兼备的计算性设计哲学。本文对杜阿尔特的学术历程、理论探索和教学实践进行深入剖析,旨在为我国建筑学学科的发展和改革提供启发。
英文摘要:
      Computational design thinking,methods and techniques,as the key to solving complex engineering design problems,have had a profound impact on the development of the architecture discipline. Of these,the most immediate manifestation is the continued emergence of researchers in this field and their accumulated achievements in the process of education,scientific research and practice. Portuguese scholar Jose Pinto Duarte,as an outstanding representative in this field,took shape grammar as the main tool,established a mass customization oriented architectural computing generation methodology. Based on the development of a generation platform supported by shape rules,the refinement of educational concepts led by algorithmic thinking,and the diversified exploration driven by digital technology,a computational design philosophy that combines systematicity,innovation,and openness has been constructed. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of Duarte’s academic journey,theoretical explorations,and teaching practices,providing new ideas for the development and reform process of the Chinese architecture discipline.
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